Issued on: 10/07/2020 – 19:27
The leaders of Serbia and Kosovo on Friday held their first talks in 18 months on resolving one of Europe’s most intractable territorial disputes, agreeing to a face-to-face meeting next week on the “very difficult” process.
Serbia has refused to recognise Kosovo‘s unilateral declaration of independence after the province broke away in the bloody 1998-99 war that was ended only by a NATO bombing campaign against Serb troops.
These discussions will be followed by more online talks on Sunday between Hoti and Vucic as well as EU officials, and then their meeting in Brussels on Thursday, Macron and Merkel said in a joint statement after the talks.
They encouraged Hoti and Vucic to “achieve substantial progress in the negotiations in the coming months,” the statement said.
“There are very difficult perspectives for the outcome of this dialogue, but there is a commitment by everyone to proceed step by step,” added a French presidential official, who asked not to be named.
Both Kosovo and Serbia have been facing mounting pressure from the West to resolve the impasse, which is seen as crucial to either side joining the EU.
“The normalisation of relations between Kosovo and Serbia is essential for the security and stability of the region and of great importance if the two countries are to join the EU,” the statement by the French and German leaders said.
A senior EU official in Brussels who followed the talks echoed the sentiment that significant challenges remained, saying “This is the beginning of the story.”
Hoti told the online summit that the normalisation of relations “can be achieved only if Kosovo and Serbia respect each other’s statehood,” his office said.
More than 13,000 people died in the war, mostly Kosovo Albanians, who form a majority in the former province.
Vucic, who is facing a major crisis at home after protests over a new coronavirus lockdown in Serbia, had warned ahead of the talks that he did not expect a smooth ride and that “no one is going to cuddle us or give us a present.”
The new push comes after Kosovo’s President Hashim Thaci was charged last month with war crimes by prosecutors in The Hague.
Thaci’s indictment led to the postponement of a White House summit between Serbia and Kosovo due to be held at the end of June.
European officials had bristled at the US initiative to deal with Thaci on its own — a strategy now torpedoed by the indictment — and the EU now appears newly determined to resolve the issue.
The French official acknowledged that this issue was a “test of European leadership.”
Peter Stano, spokesman for EU on foreign affairs, denied that the issue was a “beauty contest”, with the EU and US competing.
But he added: “The European Union has been there for Kosovo since the start, facilitating the dialogue since it started in 2011.”
During the war, Thaci was the political leader of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), but prosecutors in The Hague suspect him of being behind nearly 100 murders, as well as numerous cases of persecution and torture.
Thaci, who has denied the charges, has said he would be interviewed by prosecutors in The Hague next week.
With Thaci focused on his legal defence, the EU official said it was clear the main point of contact for Kosovo was now Hoti.
“Our choice is to talk to a valid, workable interlocutor in Pristina,” the official said.
Kosovo is now recognised by more than 100 other states but the EU is not unified on the issue, with 22 out of the 27 bloc members recognising its independence.
The EU official said the holdouts in the bloc — who notably include Spain — “will have no reason not to recognise Kosovo” once there is a legally binding agreement between the two sides.